Small pox and the trail of tears


Small pox and the trail of tears, 1781-1783


This map shows the diffusion pattern of the 1781-1783 smallpox epidemic, from Detroit up the Mississippi to Saskatchewan and to the Athabaska country. The first incidents of smallpox coincide with Peter Pond’s trade route in all of the indicated locations in Western Canada.


“Did Peter Pond participate in the ethnic cleansing of Western Canada’s Indigenous Peoples?” [1]archived
The School of Native Studies, University of Alberta.

This article was published in:
Phillip R. Coutu and Lorraine Hoffman-Mercredi. Inkonze: The Stones of Traditional Knowledge.
Thunderwoman Ethnographics, Edmonton, 1999. (The second edition was published in 2002.)



© Lorraine Hoffman (Mercredi) and Phillip R. Coutu 1999.

An attempt to contact the rights holder in accordance with the instructions in the article was made in October 2007, but the email address no longer exists.