Islam in China, 9th-20th Centuries
This map shows the penetration of Islam in China. Overall, it took two main routes: from the south-east predominantly Arabs and Persians followed the maritime communications to Canton; from the north-west, predominantly Turks and Persians followed the Silk Road. This spread gave birth to the Hui (Chinese-speaking) Muslim community that is today scattered all over China.
- Limit of the Muslim influence
- Pao-an, solar and Tunghsiang settlements in Kansu
- Distribution of the Hui around 1980
Main ethnic groups (in different colors):
- Uighur [Uyghur]
“Total muslim population at about 16 million of whom approximately one half are scattered Hui.”
An Historical Atlas of Islam – Atlas Historique de l’Islam, Second Edition. Edited by Hugh Kennedy, Tuta sub Aegide Pallas 1683,
Brill, Leiden-Boston-Koeln, 2002, page 68.
Cartography by Marc Bel, Peter van der Donck.
© 2002 Koninklijke Brill NV, The Netherlands. All rights reserved.
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