Al-Andalus and Al-Maghrib- The Muslim Conquest, 44-732


Al-Andalus and Al-Maghrib- The Muslim Conquest, 44-732


This map shows the general conditions of the establishment of Muslim rule in Portugal and Spain. Existing medieval roads inherited from the Roman administration were used by the Umayyads to pursue their conquests.

Legend indicates (with arrows of different colors):

  • Limit of Muslim influence
  • Conquest of ‘Uqba b. Nafi’ 44-9/665-70
  • His raid to the Atlantic
  • Reconquest of Ifrïqiyya (from the Berbers) by Hasan b. al-Nu’man 76-86/695-705

Muslim conquest of Visgothic Spain:

  • Tariq b. Ziyad 92/711
  • Musa b. Nusayr 93/712
  • ‘Abd al-‘Aziz b. Musa 95/714

Attempted Conquest of France:

  • Raids across Pyrenees 94-107/713-725
  • ‘Abd al-Rahman al ghafiqi 114/732


An Historical Atlas of Islam – Atlas Historique de l’Islam, Second Edition. Edited by Hugh Kennedy, Tuta sub Aegide Pallas 1683,
Brill, Leiden-Boston-Koeln, 2002, page 53.

Cartography by Marc Bel, Peter van der Donck.


© 2002 Koninklijke Brill NV, The Netherlands. All rights reserved.


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