Inspired by the work of Dr. Bon Ku, Angelo, Grace, and Andrea conceptualized a technology that would address the medical needs of the undocumented community. CareSpot is both an app and website, with added kiosks, that would allow users to locate free and low-cost clinics and vaccination centers in their community or nearby. To better understand the challenges faced by undocumented people in the United States, our team researched the history of being undocumented in the US, the barriers to healthcare that exist, and the current resources available to uplift the health of undocumented people. We also had the pleasure of interviewing two individuals (Paloma Moscardo-Valles and Kayla Moffett), who provided us more insight on the undocumented experience and how folks can access care at the moment. We are incredibly grateful for the help our interviewees, Arbel, and the GHP350 teaching staff provided us in the process of creating this project.

Click on the above image to view our presentation or here.

-(Note from Angelo: I wasn’t ready for the photo!!!)

Angelo Kayser-Browne
Andrea Escoto
Grace Barbara



“About JRMC.” JRMC Medical Center, 16 Oct. 2020,

America Counts Staff. “2020 Census Results Inform Funding for Hospitals and Health Care.” The United States Census Bureau, United States Census Bureau, 18 Aug. 2020,  

Bateman-House, Alison, and Amy Fairchild. “Medical Examination of Immigrants at Ellis Island.” Journal of Ethics | American Medical Association, American Medical Association, 1 Apr. 2008, 

Biehl João Guilherme and Torben Eskerod. Will to Live: AIDS Therapies and the Politics of Survival. Princeton University Press, 2009. 

Brettell, Caroline B. “The Political and Civic Engagement of Immigrants.” American Academy of Arts & Sciences, 2020, 

Camarota, S. A., & Zeigler, K. Immigrants in the United States. 3 Oct. 2016,

CDC. “Race, Ethnicity, and Linguistic Isolation as Determinants of Participation in Public Health Surveillance Surveys.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Jan. 2006,

Diaz, Maria, and Samantha Artiga. “Health Coverage and Care of Undocumented Immigrants.” KFF, 15 July 2019,

EEOC. “Immigrants’ Employment Rights under Federal Anti-Discrimination Laws.” US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission , US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission , 

Elliott, Victoria L. Congressional Research Service , 2017, pp. 1–25, Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant: Background and Funding

Farmer, Paul. 2003. “On Suffering and Structural Violence (Chapter I).” In Pathologies of Power, by Paul Farmer, 29-50. Berkeley: UC Press.

“Federally Qualified Health Centers.” U.S. Health Resources & Services Administration, 8 May 2018,

“Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs).” New Jersey Department of Health,

 Gambino, C. P., Acosta, Y. D., & Grieco, E. M. “English-Speaking Ability of the Foreign- Born Population in the United States: 2012.” US Census Bureau, 2014,

Gubernskaya, Z., & Treas, J. (2018). Pathways to Linguistic Isolation Among Older U.S. Immigrants: Assessing the Role of Living Arrangements and English Proficiency. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 1. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbx178

Hacker, Karen, et al. Barriers to Health Care for Undocumented Immigrants: a Literature Review. 30 Oct. 2015, 

“Healthcare Access for Undocumented Folks in the Time of COVID19.” United We Dream, 13 Nov. 2020,

Hill, Laura. “English Proficiency of Immigrants.” PPIC, Public Policy Institute of California, 15 May 2019, 

“Immigrant Undercount.” Nnirr, National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights, 2020, 

“Language and Literacy.” Language and Literacy | Healthy People 2020, 2020, 

Lloyd, Kristen, et al. “Health,Coverage, and Access to Care of New Jersey Immigrants.” Rutgers Center for State Health Policy, 2011,

Morse, A., Chanda, I. and Hentze, Iris. “Barriers to Work: Improving Access to Licensed Occupations for Immigrants with Work Authorization.” NCSL, National Conference of State Legislatures , 17 July 2018, 

Moynihan R, Henry D (2006) The Fight against Disease Mongering: Generating Knowledge for Action. PLoS Med 3(4): e191.

Orrenius, Pia M, and Madeline Zavodny. “Do immigrants work in riskier jobs?.” Demography vol. 46,3 (2009): 535-51. doi:10.1353/dem.0.0064

“Preventive Health and Health Services Block Grant (PHHSBG).” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 9 Dec. 2019, 

Raphael, Steven, and Eugene Smolensky. “Immigration and Poverty in the United States.” The American Economic Review, vol. 99, no. 2, 2009, pp. 41–44. JSTOR, Accessed 7 Dec. 2020.

“Resources for Undocumented Immigrants and Their Families During COVID-19.” My Undocumented Life, 8 June 2020,

Schneber-Rhemrev, Maribeth. “The 2020 Census: Engaging Hard to Count (HTC) Populations.” NASCSP, National Association for State Community Services Program, 2020, 

Semega, J., Kollar, M., Creamer, J., & Mohanty, A. “Income and Poverty   in the United States: 2018.” 17 Sep. 2019,

“Social Determinants of Health.” Healthy People 2020, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Oct. 2020, 

“Social Determinants of Health.” World Health Organization, World Health Organization, 2020, 

Thomas, W. F. (2003). The Meaning of Race to Employers: A Dynamic Qualitative      Perspective. The Sociological Quarterly, 44(2), 228. doi: 10.1111/j.1533-      8525.2003.tb00556.x

Torres, M. (2019, October 24). This Is What Job Hunting While Undocumented Is Like, from       interviewing-undocumented_l_5d7800bae4b094928f075695.

US Department of Labor. “Immigration.” U.S. Department of Labor , U.S. Department of Labor, 

Wallace, Steven P, et al. Undocumented Immigrants and Health Care Reform. Aug. 2012, 

“Welcome to HIPHOP Promise Clinic.” Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, 

“What’s the State of Illegal Immigration in US?” BBC News, BBC, 6 July 2019,