Viking, Magyar and Saracen Invasions
This map of Europe in the 9th and 10th centuries shows the areas most
affected by Saracen and Magyar raids, and the areas of Viking
settlement (Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish).
Arrows show Saracen and Magyar attacks and Viking routes. A companion
map (not shown) shows additional Viking routes to Greenland and
The locations of Viking bases, and the locations and dates of notable raids, are also shown.
The Saracens and Vikings established bases in the lands they conquered.
The Saracens were eventually expelled whereas the Vikings were assimilated.
Copyright © Times Books 2007
Reproduced from The Times Complete History of the World by permission of HarperCollins Publishers Ltd.
All rights reserved
The Times Complete History of the World (2007), p. 121