The Muslim World circa 1111-1700


The Muslim World circa 1111-1700


This map illustrates the expansion of the Muslim world as a result of conquest or political allegiance, and as is reflected in the powerful and long-lasting influence exerted by Muslim traders in regions such as East Africa.

Legend indicates:

  • Limit of Muslim Rule
  • Trade routes
  • Approximate frontier
  • Fixed administrative borders
  • Chinese and Russian campaigns against the Kalmuks (1696-1759)
  • Dates show Russian and Chinese advance in Asia & Ottoman advance
  • Border of the Manchu Empire c. 1700
  • Border of the Manchu Empire c. 1760 (additional territory taken from Kalmuks)
  • Date of annexation by the Manchu


An Historical Atlas of Islam – Atlas Historique de l’Islam, Second Edition. Edited by Hugh Kennedy, Tuta sub Aegide Pallas 1683,
Brill, Leiden-Boston-Koeln, 2002, page 13.

Cartography by Marc Bel, Peter van der Donck.


© 2002 Koninklijke Brill NV, The Netherlands. All rights reserved.


This map is one in a series: