The Caliphate and After – Important Routes from 10th to 15th Century
The map shows the major overland transportation routes from the 10th to the 15th centuries within the area of the Caliphate, including modern-day Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, and Pakistan. The Khurasan Route extends eastwards from Baghdad to the Oxus River, Bukhara, Samarkand, and Uzkand.
Medieval Routes to India: Baghdad to Delhi – A Study of Trade and Military Routes
Produced by H.C. Verma (Department of History – University of Delhi), Published by Mustafa Waheed, Printed at Islamia al Saudia Printers, Lahore, 1983.