Millions of refugees in Africa, 1999
This map shows the amount of refugees in Africa as of 1999. The map uses circles with areas proportional to the number of refugees as a visual representation of the comparative size of refugee populations.
Around the map are statistics on refugees from the Liberian civil war and trouble in Sierra Leone, the war in Angola, conflicts in Burundi, Rwanda and the war in the east of ex-Zaire, and conflicts in other areas of Africa.
The Conflict of the Occidental Sahara: 165,000 refugees in Algeria
War in Angola: 312,200 refugees
- Zambia: 149,800
- Congo: 20,600
- The Democratic Republic of Congo: 137,000
- Namibia: 2,500
- France and Brazil: 2,900
Civil War in Liberia and Troubles in Sierra Leone: 1,976,680 people
- Sierra Leone: 10,000 refugees from Liberia and 670,000 moved inside the country.
- Guinea-Bissau: 411,500 refugees from Liberia and Sierra Leone.
- Ghana: 12,600 refugees from Liberia.
- Cote d’Ivoire: 119,200 refugees from Liberia and Sierra Leone.
- Liberia: 103,000 refugees from Sierra Leone and 251,000 refugees have returned home to Liberia under the protection of the HCR.
Conflicts in Burundi, Rwanda and the war in old Zaire
- Rwanda: 32,300 refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo and 625,000 moved inside the country.
- Burundi: 23,000 refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo and 100,000 moved to the inside of the country.
- Tanzania: 532,100 refugees from Burundi and Democratic Republic of Congo.
- Democratic Republic of Congo: 55,000 refugees from Burundi and Rwanda.
Wars in the Corner of Africa
- Sudan: 342,300 refugees from Eritrea.
- Uganda: 189,800 refugees from Sudan.
- Djibouti: 21,600 refugees from Somalia.
- Ethiopia: 254,000 refugees from Somalia and Sudan.
- Yemen: 57,400 refugees from Somalia.
- Democratic Republic of Congo: 31,200 refugees from Sudan.
- Kenya: 212,900 refugees from Somalia and Sudan.
- Somalia: 155,240 refugees return to Somalia under the protection of the HCR.
Cartographer: Philippe Rekacewicz
© Le Monde Diplomatique