Deportations from the Soviet Union
Under Stalin, approximately three million non-Russians were deported to locations
in Siberia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
The deportations began in the 1930s from vulnerable border areas; for
example, 171,000 Koreans were deported from the Far East to Central
A second wave of deportations began with the outbreak of war in 1939.
For each source, the map shows the dates of deportation and the number of deportees.
The identified sources or nationalities are:
- Karachai Autonomous Region (the Karachai (or Karachay) AR was abolished in 1944)
- Crimean Autonomous Republic (Crimean Tatars)
- Balkar Autonomous Republic (*)
- Chechen Ingush Autonomous Region
- Kalmyk Autonomous Republic
- Volga German Republic
- Meskhetians, Kurds, Khemshils, Azeris
(*) The map is incorrect in that the Balkar District, which was established in 1921, became part of the Kabardino-Balkar Autonomous Province in 1922; in 1936 it was upgraded to be an autonomous republic: the Kabardino-Balkar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.
In 1943 the Balkars, accused of collaborating with the Germans, were deported, and the area in which they had lived, the upper Baksan valley, was ceded to the Georgian SSR. The Kabardino-Balkar ASSR was then renamed.
Copyright © Times Books 2007
Reproduced from The Times Complete History of the World by permission of HarperCollins Publishers Ltd.
All rights reserved
The Times Complete History of the World (2007), p. 298.