Collapse of the Chinese empire – rebellions and foreign attacks, 1839-1901


Rebellions and foreign attacks, 1839-1901


After the Opium War of 1839-1842, the
Qing dynasty was challenged from within by a number of
rebellions and uprisings that caused immense destruction and loss of
life. The Sino-Japanese War of 1894-5
resulted in significant loss of imperial territory, including
Korea, Taiwan, and the Liaodong peninsula.

The map shows the area of Taiping (Wade-Giles: T’ai-p’ing) control at
various times; the routes taken by the Taiping rebels, and the the
locations and dates of the following:

  • Yunnan Muslim rebellion
  • northwestern Muslim uprising
  • Boxer rebellion
  • Nien rebellion (捻軍起義; pinyin: niǎn jūn qǐ yì)
  • Nian invasion of Zhili (Wade-Giles: Nien; Chihli; Zhili’s modern name is Hebei)
  • Guizhou-Miao tribal rising (Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou, also spelled Kweichow)
  • Hakka-Cantonese war
  • Japanese naval victory of 1894

Arrows indicate British, Anglo-French, French, Japanese and Chinese attacks.

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Copyright © Times Books 2007
Reproduced from The Times Complete History of the World by permission of HarperCollins Publishers Ltd.


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The Times Complete History of the World (2007), p. 257.