Centres of Learning c. 1770


Centres of Learning in Europe c. 1770


This map shows the location of universities, science academies, and botanical gardens all over Europe. Between the early 16th and 18th centuries, there was a remarkable growth of science and understanding of the natural sciences, the hard sciences, and other disciplines such as Philosophy. The map also includes a brief explanation about the phenomenon.

Legend indicates:

  • University founded:
    • before 1400
    • 1400-1500
    • 1501-1600 (with date)
    • 1601-1770 (with date)
  • Academy of Science founded:
    • 1600-1770 (with date)
  • Botanical garden founded:
    • 1500-1600
    • 1601-1770


Oxford Atlas of World History, Oxford University Press, 2002. General Editor Patrick K. O’Brien.

Chapter 3. The Early Modern World: “The Development of Science and Technology in Europe 1500-1770,” page 134.


Map copyright © Philip’s, a division of Octopus Publishing Ltd. Source: Philip’s Atlas of World History.

Used under license from Octopus Publishing Group.


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