A tangle of nations and conflicts, 1999


A tangle of nations and conflicts


This map shows the distribution of people of different ethnic and national backgrounds in the Middle East and areas of the former Soviet Union.

Nine different ethnic groups are indicated on the map: the Baloch, Pashtun, Hazara, Nuristani, Ismaili, Kyrgyz, Turkmen, Uzbek, and Tajik. Data on eight of the countries shown — Afghanistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Pakistan, and India — are provided in boxes bordering the map, including population, size, GNP per capita, and the size of the army.

This area has experienced very tense moments due to border and ethnic disputes, whether directly caused by the former Soviet Union or past disputes. [1] .


Le Monde Diplomatique [2]

Cartographers: Philippe Rekacewicz and Cécile Marin

Primary Sources:

  • The Military Balance 1999-2000, IISS, Brassey’s, London, 1999
  • The World Bank Atlas 1999-2000, World Bank, Washington, 1999.


© Le Monde Diplomatique