Back to top

This image shows the relationship between old traditional tools like the axe, the hammer and the knife, familiar to the Russian peasant, and new technology like the steam hammer and hydraulic press, the domain of the new urban worker. The illustration has been drawn to imitate an instructional guide for machinery.

Arrows show how the shaft of the hammer and knife performs the same function of “pressing” in its modern counterpart the stream hammer.

The blade of the knife and axe form the same action of “slicing” in the hydraulic press

The slogan in this illustration reads  “The axe is the ever-youthful grandfather of the steam hammer, the hydraulic press, the lathe and the grinding machine,” which suggests an attempt to make new technology less intimidating for its user by underlining its familiarity and likeness to less sophisticated tools.



steam hammer


hydraulic press