An Ethical Education: A New Method and Content, by Hundley Poulson

An Ethical Education: A New Method and Content, by Hundley Poulson

Before looking at the different ways to teach ethics in the future, there are lingering and important questions that must be answered if the American public is ever going to fully acquiesce to such a curriculum. Most importantly, what is the goal of an ethical education? What are we trying to accomplish for our children and future society? The kind of ethical education for which I am advocating does not teach morals, nor does it label certain ways of living as virtuous or deplorable. It does not pass judgment. Rather, the goal of the ethical education that I will present is to cultivate informed autonomy, with the result that students have both the methods and the information to make their own decisions and judgments as they mature. To offer a plausible path forward for ethical teaching, I will examine Anthony Laden’s Learning to be Equal: Just Schools as Schools of Justice and Harry Brighouse’s Family Values and School Policy: Shaping Values and Conferring Advantage. These essays provide valuable ideals with which to build a policy of teaching ethics.

Laden’s method for ethical teaching is a systemic one; it makes no concrete changes to the curricula of schools. Rather, it pervades the institution itself. He proposes a system of respect-based and trust-based justification between all levels of teachers, students, and administrators. By enacting what he terms ‘relational justice’, a teacher treats a student as an equal when “[he] treats [him] as one whose words and concerns matter as much as [his] own”[1]. A teacher should not reject a student’s question of why she teaches the material the way she does, nor should an administrator rebuff the concerns of a teacher about classroom materials. The teacher’s knowledge of the subject and the administrator’s years of experience should not grant them the right to dismiss the concerns, thoughts, or questions of others. While expertise can and does add value to the discussion, it should not prevent discussion from occurring in the first place. Engaging with these questions, even those from the perceived lower levels of educational hierarchies, is intrinsically valuable. With a justification-based method of discourse in place, students would not only be able to practice this reasonable manner of discussing issues and asking questions in the classroom, but they would also see examples of adults and (hopefully) role models practicing a similar kind of respectable behavior. Additionally, students can begin the practice of holding each other accountable through justification-based inquiries. In a system where the surrounding adults ask questions and receive respectable answers regardless of their position or title, the simple question “why did you do that to me?” carries much more weight for students. At its best, this strategy would create an environment in which teachers and administrators are not “commanding”, nor are students “blindly deferring”[2].

Unfortunately, the optimal implementation of justification-based education requires a cultural shift towards a more permeable hierarchy, and inorganically forcing this shift may lead to untenable chaos in the classroom. Brighouse offers a classroom solution that would set aside a certain amount of time each week for students’ requests for justification. Additionally, administrators could allow teachers anonymity when voicing concerns. As teachers, students, and administrators become more comfortable and skilled in practicing reciprocal justification, these training wheels can be removed.

While Laden provides the method, a derivation from Brighouse’s ideals adds the necessary content for the best kind of ethical education. Essentially, Brighouse laments the excessive school choice, particularly for the affluent, in the U.S. Under this current system, parents can choose schools “in which their children will be educated in strict accordance with their [the parents’] values”[3]. Given that these children have access only to the values endorsed by their parents, and given that “ways of life that would indeed contribute to the flourishing of some people raised in them do not contribute to that of others”[4], there is a conflict between excessive school choice and the cultivation of autonomy within students. Good ethical teaching requires an exposure to varying points of view, and challenging values, morals, and customs is critical if we are to educate inquisitive and competent political citizens. Children must experience different cultures, viewpoints, and ways of life if they are to have the ability to create their own moral compasses and judgments as they mature. Unfortunately, it is difficult to envision a policy both centered on limiting school choice and capable of gaining any sort of traction in the current socio-political environment, one in which a perceived infringement upon the right to have choice is grounds for dismissal in most cases. Brighouse’s ideal is still a useful one, however, and it is one around which steps can be taken to implement effective ethical and moral teaching.

Ultimately, the best-case scenario would be a cultural shift towards selflessness or an improved awareness of the kind of education that best prepares children for adulthood. There is a critical need to protect the autonomous and independent decision-making capabilities of future generations, even if it means sacrificing some of the choice for parents within the current school system. Perhaps it is difficult for parents of this generation to see the benefits of exposing their children to new lifestyles in the scholastic setting since their own parents chose not to do it for them. Regardless, until this cultural movement occurs, there are still methods with which we can begin to move towards this goal of inclusive values. At a minimum, curricula need to include studies of and discussions about different cultures, socio-economic lifestyles, etc. To truly benefit from these studies, however, students must discuss them with people of those different lifestyles. A conversation about modern Middle Eastern politics will never reach its full potential in a classroom full of upper class white students. To this end, I would suggest a greater proliferation of exchange programs, whereby schools could add vitally important and distinct voices to conversations in the classroom (and at the lunch table, and on the sports field). The worry here is a legitimate one: would these ‘different’ students not feel out of place surrounded by an otherwise homogenous student body? Ideally, and hopefully eventually, schools will become more socially, economically, politically, and culturally integrated as administrators realize the value of differing perspectives. Until this comes about, however, I would hope that Laden’s system of reciprocal justification would create a truly respectful environment for each and every student and faculty member. The new method and the new content would support each other.

Up to this point, I have focused on ethical teaching’s ability to create informed and autonomous citizens. While moral independence remains the goal, I believe that these morals will tend to move in a direction greatly beneficial to future societies. Firstly, a greater and more widespread sense of empathy would stem from the early and consistent exposure to different points of view, particularly when discussion with these viewpoints is framed within Laden’s respect-based system of justification. When the educational system promotes the question “why?”, I believe empathy and ‘the golden rule’ will be taken more seriously. When both parties can ask “why did you do that to me?” and expect legitimate, respectful and reasonable responses (as demonstrated by the adults around them), the concerns of others are more likely to be considered and valued. Finally, when this empathy is coupled with a greater willingness to engage with other opinions, the result of debating and discussing with differing points of view in the school system, the future of citizenship and government looks promising.

 

Works Cited

Essays

  1. Learning to Be Equal: Just Schools as Schools of Justice, Anthony Simon Laden
  2. Family Values and School Policy: Shaping Values and Conferring Advantage, Harry Brighouse and Adam Swift

Collection From Which Essays Were Selected

  1. Allen, Danielle S., and Rob Reich.Education, Justice, and Democracy. Chicago and London: U of Chicago, 2013. Print.

[1] Laden, Education, Justice, and Democracy, pg. 67/68

[2] Laden, Education, Justice, and Democracy, pg. 68

[3] Brighouse and Swift, Education, Justice, and Democracy, pg. 208

[4] Brighouse and Swift, Education, Justice, and Democracy, pg. 209

364 thoughts on “An Ethical Education: A New Method and Content, by Hundley Poulson

  1. Pingback: writeessay
  2. Pingback: Buy viagra
  3. Pingback: Cialis 20 mg
  4. Pingback: Viagra generico
  5. Pingback: Online cialis
  6. Pingback: Online cialis
  7. Pingback: Viagra uk
  8. Pingback: Buy cialis online
  9. Pingback: click to continue
  10. Pingback: Buy cialis online
  11. Pingback: click to see more
  12. Pingback: Bangalore Escorts
  13. Pingback: Kolkata Escorts
  14. Pingback: Goa Escorts
  15. Pingback: as reported here
  16. Pingback: click at this page
  17. Pingback: read further
  18. Pingback: go to the source
  19. Pingback: read an article
  20. Pingback: click to read more
  21. Pingback: go to the source
  22. Pingback: visit web page
  23. Pingback: Generic cialis
  24. Pingback: Generic cialis
  25. Pingback: Cialis coupon
  26. Pingback: notehub.org
  27. Pingback: notehub.org
  28. Pingback: provided link
  29. Pingback: here is the link
  30. Pingback: page
  31. Pingback: page address
  32. Pingback: read more
  33. Pingback: notehub.org go
  34. Pingback: source
  35. Pingback: notehub.org
  36. Pingback: notehub.org
  37. Pingback: read article
  38. Pingback: notehub.org click
  39. Pingback: notehub.org
  40. Pingback: i provide a link
  41. Pingback: read article
  42. Pingback: article source
  43. Pingback: source
  44. Pingback: notehub.org
  45. Pingback: topfucksearch.mobi
  46. Pingback: 212h4VjigYO
  47. Pingback: hdmobilesex.me
  48. Pingback: schatfreese.mobi
  49. Pingback: xxxbestrank.mobi
  50. Pingback: pronbestrank.mobi
  51. Pingback: xxxvipsearch.mobi
  52. Pingback: topfucksearch.mobi
  53. Pingback: topsexportal.mobi
  54. Pingback: topdatingse.mobi
  55. Pingback: follow the link
  56. Pingback: online cialis
  57. Pingback: ABrand
  58. Pingback: 2018-2019
  59. Pingback: 2019
  60. Pingback: cleantalkorg2.ru
  61. Pingback: a2019-2020
  62. Pingback: facebook
  63. Pingback: facebook1
  64. Pingback: javsearch.mobi
  65. Pingback: Escorts in Kolkata
  66. Pingback: free bitcoin cash
  67. Pingback: Google
  68. Pingback: 안전놀이터
  69. Pingback: YESBET88
  70. Pingback: 먹튀검증
  71. Pingback: 토토사이트
  72. Pingback: 안전공원
  73. Pingback: #InMyBag
  74. Pingback: #Viral
  75. Pingback: #TheConsultants
  76. Pingback: Mağusa Eleman
  77. Pingback: Rolladen Rolläden
  78. Pingback: q550lf drivers
  79. Pingback: бенуар
  80. Pingback: 사다리사이트
  81. Pingback: 토토사이트
  82. Pingback: 사다리사이트
  83. Pingback: 먹튀검증
  84. Pingback: mens pleasure toys
  85. Pingback: find care
  86. Pingback: выя
  87. Pingback: buy nipple clamps
  88. Pingback: windows vps
  89. Pingback: скачать mp3
  90. Pingback: anal dildo
  91. Pingback: true feel dildo
  92. Pingback: beginner butt plug
  93. Pingback: deichlounge büsum
  94. Pingback: mature tube
  95. Pingback: 天然石
  96. Pingback: iunibs
  97. Pingback: miti d'oggi
  98. Pingback: small loans
  99. Pingback: bondage cuff
  100. Pingback: bondage toys
  101. Pingback: bondage gear
  102. Pingback: monster dildo
  103. Pingback: ацикловир
  104. Pingback: 안전놀이터
  105. Pingback: The Swan Wand
  106. Pingback: double headed dong
  107. Pingback: тут
  108. Pingback: Strap Ons
  109. Pingback: beast iptv
  110. Pingback: best
  111. Pingback: секс чат
  112. Pingback: 토토사이트
  113. Pingback: teen porn
  114. Pingback: fbv cursos grátis
  115. Pingback: RO-JIRA Massager
  116. Pingback: guitar scales
  117. Pingback: Best penis pumps
  118. Pingback: short key notes
  119. Pingback: Cheap
  120. Pingback: patriots
  121. Pingback: Anal vibrators
  122. Pingback: pleasure balls
  123. Pingback: Urdu shayari
  124. Pingback: luxury sex toys
  125. Pingback: FIFA 19 Coins
  126. Pingback: Chicago SEO
  127. Pingback: Detroit SEO
  128. Pingback: shmmovers.com
  129. Pingback: cursos gratuitos
  130. Pingback: music theory
  131. Pingback: WOW Site Blog Name
  132. Pingback: xxlhq.top article
  133. Pingback: xxlhq.xyz article
  134. Pingback: xxlph.xyz article
  135. Pingback: xxxpics xyz
  136. Pingback: xxlph xyz
  137. Pingback: pornph xyz
  138. Pingback: xxxph top
  139. Pingback: xxlph.top article
  140. Pingback: xyz
  141. Pingback: adulthq top
  142. Pingback: xxxhd.top article
  143. Pingback: xnxxhd top
  144. Pingback: xxxhq top
  145. Pingback: pornph.xyz article
  146. Pingback: xxlhd xyz
  147. Pingback: adultpics top
  148. Pingback: xxxhq.top article
  149. Pingback: xnxxhd.top article
  150. Pingback: xxlhd.xyz article
  151. Pingback: pornph.top article
  152. Pingback: xxlph top
  153. Pingback: xxxph.top article
  154. Pingback: adultph top
  155. Pingback: xxlhq top
  156. Pingback: adulthd top
  157. Pingback: pornph top
  158. Pingback: adulthq xyz
  159. Pingback: xxxph.xyz article
  160. Pingback: xxxhd top
  161. Pingback: chwilówki
  162. Pingback: how to find g spot
  163. Pingback: dildo review
  164. Pingback: vibrator review
  165. Pingback: vibrating panty
  166. Pingback: anal sex toy
  167. Pingback: dildo review
  168. Pingback: Nerf Gun
  169. Pingback: grand rapids seo
  170. Pingback: xnxx
  171. Pingback: Sex Toys
  172. Pingback: Store
  173. Pingback: penis vacuum pump
  174. Pingback: anal butt plug
  175. Pingback: vibrating dildo

Leave a Reply